Complete and Partial Dentures

If all your teeth are missing in the upper or lower jaw, they can be replaced with a Complete Denture. Complete dentures are a replacement when all teeth are missing.  A partial denture, however, is a replacement for lost teeth, when a number of the natural teeth still remain. Full and Partial dentures are both removable i.e. unlike dental crowns or dental veneers, they are not cemented to any teeth. A person wearing dentures, can easily remove them on a daily basis.

Complete dentures are fitted onto your gums and partial dentures are essentially a miniature version of a complete denture.

Dentures help restore the healthy relationship between the lower and the upper jaw. Dentures can also restore the smile of the people who have lost their natural teeth to periodontal disease, decay, or trauma. Without dentures, the person may look older because of the sag in the facial muscles sag.

Denture for Children

For children, when fixed space maintainers are not adequate to replace missing teeth due to injuries or caries, complete or partial dentures may be a suitable solution. For children with a large number of missing adult teeth, partial denture can improve their ability to masticate food. At this age, partial dentures would require adjustment or re-fabrication at intervals to allow for the eruption of other adult teeth.

Removable partial dentures can be used until the child is old enough for implant or fixed partial dentures (fixed partial dentures are also known as Dental Bridges).

Denture Benefits:

The Benefits of Dentures include:

  • Prevents pre-mature development of aging lines
  • Closes spaces left by missing teeth
  • Can restore adversely-affected speed due to missing teeth
  • Maintain healthy relationship between the upper jaw and the lower jaws

According to Pure Dentistry, closing the gap left by an extracted or missing tooth prevents drifting and collapsing of other teeth into the gap left by the extracted tooth. And maintaining a healthy relationship between the lower and upper jaws prevents associated jaw joint problems.

Full Dentures, Complete Dentures or Plates

Complete dentures are also known as Full Dentures or Plates. Full dentures are appliances fabricated to provide you with a complete artificial replacement of your dental arch. They are used when a patient has no remaining teeth in the upper or lower dental arch. You can have a full denture in your upper arch, lower arch or both arches. Full dentures are quite common with in the population.

Full Dentures are typically made of plastic (acrylic) and they are colour-matched to your teeth and gums.

Full dentures are also known as complete dentures or plates. They are usually removable and have two parts:

  • The Base
  • The Upper Plate

The base plate sites on the gums and is colour-matched to the gums. Denture base needs a proper path of insertion and your dentists thoroughly examines this path before construction of the denture begins. You may need surgical procedures to remove some bones in the interest of having a clear insertion path for the base plate. Complete dentures are often fabricated from acrylic resin, with the occasional use of porcelain teeth. It may incorporate metallic components as the base of a full denture.

The upper plate of the denture stays in place by suction.

Full dentures are false teeth that replace all of the teeth in a dental arch. They are used for aesthetic purposes and to restore some functions (not all). Complete dentures have their own limitations and the users should learn what they can or cannot do with them.

Because full dentures receive all of their retention from the underlying tissues, the stability of a denture would depend on a snug fit and a maximum contact with the broad surfaces of the underlying tissues (gum and bone). A good retention of full dentures depends on a well-developed border seal and a thin saliva film covering the entire surface of the denture, i.e. a tight contact between the mucosa and the denture and the presence of saliva.

Full dentures are constructed out of acrylic polymers.

Partial Dentures

Partial dentures may be a good option to restore the facial form or masticatory functions after a tooth loss. Partial dentures are used when you retain sufficient number of natural teeth to support the denture appliance. Similar to complete dentures, partial dentures are also daily removable.

Before a partial denture can be made, the mouth should be brought to an acceptable level of oral health so than unsuitable conditions for the insertion and use of the partial denture can be eliminated. Changes in the mouth arrangements and structures can also affect the performance of the partial denture. For example, it is important to know if a particular tooth needs a dental crown and if the new partial denture will have a contact with that crown. This information helps your dentist in setting the required contours before your partial denture is made.

Partial Denture Construction

Partial dentures normally consist of a metal frame with colour-matched plastic teeth and gums affixed to it. A removable partial denture can be fabricated from a variety of base materials, including:

  • cast metal
  • all acrylic
  • combination of cast metal and acrylic

Partial dentures are mainly stabilised by remaining natural teeth or by artificial roots (dental implants).

Partial Dentures as Interim Tooth

Partial dentures can be used as an interim solution between stage one and stage two of an implant surgery. Partial dentures can easily be removed before procedures and replaced after completion of the surgery procedures.

Partial dentures are small and they usually fit well. Sometimes it is hard to tell apart partial dentures from natural teeth, so they are frequently mistaken for natural teeth. the bio-compatibility of dentures depend on the acceptance of the body to the materials used to fabricate the denture.

When you Receive your Denture

When you receive your denture, whether or not you have used denture before, avoid hard chewing until after you have learned how to use them and we have made final adjustments to your denture. Also to hasten your speech correction with your new dentures, you can practice by reading out lout to yourself. Success of denture requires a patient’s wholehearted cooperation and support during the construction and also after the completion of fitting.

Denture Alternatives

Artificial teeth can be:

  • Dentures that sit on the gums
  • Bridges fixed to adjacent teeth
  • Implant fixed to jaw bone

Dentures are artificial teeth fitted on the gum. A dental bridge is another method, in which an artificial tooth or denture is fixed to adjacent natural teeth and acts like a restorative bridge across the gap made by the missing tooth or teeth. Unlike dentures that are removable, dental bridges are cemented or bonded to other natural teeth, crowns or implants next to the gap. so dental bridges are made to be permanent.

Dental implant is another technique for fixing artificial teeth. With dental implant surgery an artificial root is inserted into the jaw bone.

Pure Dentistry is a Mt Gravatt Dental clinic that provides denture services in Brisbane Southside. Website: Address: 11/1932-1974 Logan Rd, Upper Mt Gravatt, QLD 4122 Tel: (07) 3343 4869

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